Illinois State Water Survey - University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

State Climatologist Office for Illinois

About the Illinois State Climatologist Office

Dr. Jim Angel, State Climatologist

Picture of Jim Angel Dr. Jim Angel has been the Illinois State Climatologist since 1997 and began work at the Illinois State Water Survey in 1984. He has a broad interest in all things related to weather and climate, including droughts, floods, winter storms, heat waves, tornadoes, and long-term climate change (past, present, and future). He has worked on a number of research projects looking at drought, extreme rainfall events, Great Lakes storms, 19th and 20th century climate change, potential future climate change, as well as the impacts of weather and climate extremes. Publications on that research are listed below.

Besides research, he works with a wide range of users and stakeholders, including students, teachers, homeowners, engineers, other scientists, farmers, as well as federal, state, and local officials on issues related to climate. He maintains this website, a blog, and Twitter feed for addressing a wide variety of climate topics as they pertain to Illinois.

There is never a dull moment in Illinois when it comes to weather and climate!

A Brief History

The state climatologist positiion was originally established in 1954 as a federal position within the U.S. Weather Bureau's Office of Climatology. The first state climatologist for Illinois was Paul Sutton. From 1955 to 1972, several Weather Bureau employees held the title including Lucius Dye, Al Joos, Bill Harms, and Bill Denmark. When the program ended in 1972, the Illinois State Water Survey became the new home for the State Climatologist with Stan Changnon serving as the first one. He served fromm 1972 to 1980. When Stan Changnon became Chief of the Water Survey, he was replaced by Wayne Wendland, who served frm 1981 to 1996. After Wendland's retirement, Jim Angel was appointed State Climatologist in 1997.

Location and Affiliation

The Illinois State Climatologist Office is a primary source for Illinois climate information and services and is located at the Illinois State Water Survey, part of the Prairie Research Institute at the University of Illinois. Our office is the recognized state climate office by the American Association of State Climatologists.

Contact Information

Email:jimangel@illinois.edu
Phone: 217-333-0729
Fax: 217-244-0220
Mailing Address: Illinois State Water Survey
Prairie Research Institute
University of Illinois
2204 Griffith Drive
Champaign, IL 61820

Education

  • Ph.D. in Climatology, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, 1996
  • M.S. in Atmospheric Science, University of Missouri - Columbia, 1984
  • B.S. in Atmospheric Science, University of Missouri - Columbia 1982

Recent Professional Affiliations

  • Lead Author, Midwest Chapter, Fourth National Climate Assessment
  • Member: American Meteorological Society
  • Member: American Geophysical Union
  • Advisory Panel, Midwest Climate Hub, USDA
  • Co-chair of the education and outreach committee of the National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS)
  • Member of NC-1179 committee on Food, Feed, Fuel, and Fiber: Security Under a Changing Climate
  • Chair AMS Committee on Applied Climatology (2015-2017)
  • Adjunct Associate Professor with the University of Illinois Department of Atmospheric Science
  • Adjunct Professor with the Northern Illinois University (De Kalb, IL) Department of Geography
  • American Associate of State Climatologists, President (2000-2001), Executive Committee (2000-2002)
  • AMS Committee on Hydrometeorology (1994-1996)

Publications

Momcilo Markus, James Angel, Gregory Byard, Sally McConkey, Chen Zhang, Ximing Cai, Michael Notaro, Moetasim Ashfaq. 2018. Communicating the Impacts of Projected Climate Change on Heavy Rainfall Using a Weighted Ensemble Approach. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, ASCE, 2018, 23(4): 04018004. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)HE.1943-5584.0001614

Markus, Momcilo, James Angel, Kexuan Wang, Gregory Byard, Sally McConkey, Zoe Zaloudek, 2017. Impacts of Potential Future Climate Change on the Expected Frequency of Extreme Rainfall Events in Cook, DuPage, Lake, and Will Counties in Northeastern Illinois. Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL. 114 p., ISWS CR 2017-05

Knapp, Vernon, James Angel, Jennie Atkins, Luke Bard, Elias Getahun, Kenneth Hlinka, Laura Keefer, Walton Kelly, George Roadcap, 2017. The 2012 Drought in Illinois. Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL 99 p., ISWS RI-123

Markus, Momcilo, James Angel, Gregory Byard, Chen Zhang, Zoe Zaloudek, Sally McConkey, 2016. Communicating the impacts of potential future climate change on the expected frequency of extreme rainfall events in Cook County, Illinois. ISWS CR 2016-05, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL 67 p.

Angel, J., M. Widhalm, D. Todey, R. Massey, L. Biehl, 2016. The U2U Corn Growing Degree Day tool: tracking corn growth across the US Corn Belt. Climate Risk Management, available online October 2016, ISSN 2212-0963, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crm.2016.10.002

Fuchs, B. (ed.), J. Angel, et al. 2015. From too much to too little: how the central U.S. drought of 2012 evolved out of one of the most devastating floods on record in 2011. National Drought Mitigation Center report. ISBN-13 978-1-56161-039-6

Winters, B., J. Angel, C. Ballerine, J. Byard, A. Flegel, D. Gambill, E. Jenkins, S. McConkey, M. Markus, B. Bender, and M. O’Toole, 2015. Report for the Urban Flooding Awareness Act. Illinois Department of Natural Resources, 89 pp.

Marinaro, A., S. Hilberg, D. Changnon, J. Angel, 2015. The North Pacific-Driven Severe Midwest Winter of 2013-14. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0084.1

Prokopy, L.S., J.S. Carlton, J.G. Arbuckle, T. Haigh, M.C. Lemos, A.S. Mase, N. Babin, M. Dunn, J. Andresen, J. Angel, C. Hart, and R. Power, 2015. Extension's Role in Disseminating Information about Climate Change to Agricultural Stakeholders in the United States. Climatic Change, Vol. 128, February 2015, DOI 10.1007/s10584-015-1339-9.

T. Haigh, E. Takle, J. Andresen, M. Widhalm, J. Stuart Carlton, J. Angel, 2015. Mapping the Decision Points and Climate Information Use of Agricultural Producers across the U.S. Corn Belt. Climate Risk Management, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crm.2015.01.004

Haigh, T., L. Morton, M. Lemos, C. Knutson, L. Prokopy, Y. Lo, and J. Angel, 2015. Agricultural Advisors as Climate Information Intermediaries: Exploring Differences in Capacity to Communicate Climate. Weather, Climate, and Society, 7, 83-93. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/WCAS-D-14-00015.1

Eugene S. Takle, Christopher J. Anderson, Jeffrey Andresen, James Angel, Roger W. Elmore, Benjamin M. Gramig, Patrick Guinan, Steven Hilberg, Doug Kluck, Raymond Massey, Dev Niyogi, Jeanne M. Schneider, Martha D. Shulski, Dennis Todey, and Melissa Widhalm, 2014: Climate Forecasts for Corn Producer Decision Making. Earth Interaction, 18, 1–8. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2013EI000541.1

Carlton, J.S., J.R. Angel, S. Fei, M. Huber, T.M. Koontz, B.J. MacGowen, N.D. Mullendore, N. Babin, and L.S. Prokopy, 2014: State Service Foresters’ Attitudes Toward Using Climate and Weather Information When Advising Forest Landowners. Journal of Forestry, Vol. 112, Number 1, January 2014.

Woloczyn, M. and J.R. Angel, 2013: Climate Adaptation Guidebook for Municipalities in the Chicago Region. Appendix A. Primary Impacts of Climate Change in the Chicago Area. Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning (CMAP), Chicago, Illinois.

Takle, E.S., C.J. Anderson, J. Andresen, J. Angel, R.W. Elmore, B.M. Gramig, P. Guinan, S. Hilberg, D. Kluck, R. Massey, D. Niyogi, J.M. Schneider, M.D. Shulski, D. Todey, M. Widhalm, 2014. Climate Forecasts for Corn Producer Decision-Making. Earth Interactions, Vol. 18, Issue 5, March 2014. doi: 10.1175/2013EI000541

Prokopy, L., T. Haigh, A. Mase, J. Angel, C. Hart, C. Knutson, M. Lemos, Y. Lo, J. McGuire, L. Morton, J. Perron, D. Todey, and M. Widhalm, 2013: Agricultural Advisors: A Receptive Audience for Weather and Climate Information? Weather, Climate, and Society, Vol. 5, No. 2, 162-167, doi:10.1175/WCAS-D-12-00036.1

Shein, K., D. Todey, F. Akyuz, J. Angel, T. Kearns, and J. Zdrojewski, 2012. Evaluating Statewide Climate Extremes for the United States. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatololgy, Vol. 51, No.  11, 2047-2059, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-11-0226.1

Shein, K.A., D.P. Todey, F. Akyuz, J.R. Angel, T.M. Kearns, and J.L. Zdrojewski, 2012. Revisiting the statewide climate extremes for the United States. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00013.1

Angel, J.R. 2012. The response of Great Lakes water levels and potential impacts of future climate scenarios. Chapter 11 in “Climate change in the Midwest:  Impacts, Risks, Vulnerability, and Adaptation.” Ed. S.C Pryor. Indiana Press.

D.J. Gotham, J.R. Angel, and S.C. Pryor, 2012. Vulnerability of the electricity and water sectors to climate change in the Midwest. Chapter 12 in “Climate change in the Midwest: Impacts, Risks, Vulnerability, and Adaptation.” Ed. S.C Pryor. Indiana Press.

Changnon, S. A., J. R. Angel, and D. Kristovich, 2010. The unusual weather of 2009 in Illinois created major impacts. Illinois State Water Survey Report of Investigation 120, 26 p.

Angel, J.R., and K.E. Kunkel. 2010. The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron. Journal of Great Lakes Research, Supplement 2, Vol. 36, 51-58.

Wolfe, R. (Ed.),J.R. Angel (contributor), 2008. The Easter Freeze of April 2007: A climatological perspective and assessment of impacts and services. NOAA Technical Report 2008-01, 56 p.

J.R. Angel, and S.A. Changnon, 2008. Record heavy rains in August 2007: cause, magnitude, and impacts. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science, vol. 101, #3&4, pp. 187-199.

J.R. Angel, 2007. The April 2007 Hard Freeze in Illinois: features and impacts. Illinois State Water Survey Data/Case Study 2007-05, 22 p.

Markus, M., J. R. Angel, L. Yang, M. Hejazi, 2007 Changing estimates of design precipitation in northeastern Illinois: comparison between different sources and sensitivity analysis. Journal of Hydrology, vol. 344, no. 3-4, pp. 210-222. doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2007.09.024

Pielke Sr., R.A. J. Nielsen-Gammon, C. Davey, J. Angel, O. Bliss, M. Cai, N. Doesken, S. Fall, K. Gallo, R. Hale, K.G. Hubbard, H. Li, X. Lin, D. Niyogi, and S. Raman, 2007: Documentation of uncertainties and biases associated with surface temperature measurement sites for climate change assessment. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 88, No. 6, pp. 913-928. doi: 10.1175/BAMS-88-6-913

Angel, J.R., 2006. Tropical Storms Reduced Drought in Illinois in 2005. Transactions Illinois State Academy of Science, Vol. 99, #3 and #4, pp. 111-124.

Kunkel, K., J. Angel, S. Changnon, M. Palecki, R. Scott, D. Winstanley, R. Claybrooke, S. Hilberg, and R. Larson, 2006. The 2005 Illinois drought. Illinois State Water Survey Informational/Educational Material 2006-3.

Winstanley, D., J. R. Angel, S. A. Changnon, H. V. Knapp, K. E. Kunkel, M. A. Palecki, R. W. Scott, H. A. Wehrmann, 2006. The water cycle and water budgets for Illinois: a framework for drought and water-supply planning. Illinois State Water Survey Informational/Educational Material 2006-2.

Winstanley, D., J. Angel, T. Bryant, V. Knapp, M. Palecki, A. Russell, and A. Wehrmann, 2006. Drought planning for small community water systems. Illinois State Water Survey Contract Report 2006-01, 114 p.

Palecki, M. A., J. R. Angel, and S. E. Hollinger, 2005. Storm precipitation in the U.S. Part I: meteorological characteristics. Journal of Applied Meteorology, Vol. 44, No. 6, pp 933-946.doi: 10.1175/JAM2243.1

Angel, J. R., M. A. Palecki, and S. E. Hollinger, 2005. Storm precipitation in the U.S. Part II: soil erosion characteristics. Journal of Applied Meteorology, Vol. 44, No. 6, pp 947-959. doi: 10.1175/JAM2242.1

Changnon, S. A., Angel J. R., K. E. Kunkel, and C. M. Lehmann, 2004. The Illinois Climate Atlas. Illinois State Water Survey Information/Education Material 2004-2, 309 pp.

Angel, J. R., 2004. Temperature Variability in Illinois: 1895-2001. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science, 97, #2, pp. 103-116.

Angel, J. R., 2003. Snow rollers in Illinois. Bulletin of the Illinois Geographical Society, v. 45, no. 1, pp. 31-33.

Angel, J. R., 2002. Temporal Aspects of Illinois Tornadoes: 1950-1998. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science, V. 95, #3, pp. 163-174.

Svoboda, M., D. LeComte, M. Hayes, R. Heim, K. Gleason, J. R. Angel, B. Rippey, R. Tinker, M. Palecki, D. Stooksbury, D. Miskus, and S. Stephens, 2002. An introduction to the Drought Monitor. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, V. 83, #8, pp. 1181-1190.

Angel, J.R., B. Ousley, and T.W. Schmidlin, 2000. A new minimum temperature record for Illinois. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 81, 4, 824-825.

Kunkel, K. E., and J. R. Angel, 1999. The relationship of ENSO to snowfall and related cyclone activity in the contiguous United States. Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, No. D16, 19425-19434.

Isard, S. A., J. R. Angel, and G. T. VanDyke, 2000. Zones of origin for Great Lakes cyclones in North America, 1899-1996. Monthly Weather Review, 128, 474-485.

Angel, J. R., and F. A. Huff, 1999. Hydrometeorological characteristics of the northern Illinois heavy rains of 17-18 July 1996. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 38, 266-272.

Angel, J.R., and S.A. Isard, 1998. The frequency and intensity of Great Lake cyclones. Journal of Climate, 11, 61-71.

Angel, J.R., and S.A. Isard, 1997. An observational study of the influence of the Great Lakes on the speed and intensity of passing cyclones. Monthly Weather Review, 125, 2228-2237.

Angel, J.R., and F.A. Huff, 1997. Changes in heavy rainfall in the Midwest. ASCE-Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 123, 4, 246-249.

Angel, J.R., 1995. Large-Scale Storm Damage on the U.S. Shores of the Great Lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 21, 287-293.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, S.E. Hollinger, B.C. Reinke, W.M. Wendland, and J.R. Angel, 1995. A Regional Response to Climate Information Needs during the 1993 Flood. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 76, No. 12, 2415-2421.

Angel, J. R., and F. A. Huff, 1995. Seasonal Distribution of Heavy Rainfall Events in the Midwest. ASCE Water Resources Planning and Management, 121, No. 1, 110-115.

Kunkel, K.E, S.A. Changnon, and J.R. Angel, 1994. Climatic Aspects of the 1993 Upper Mississippi River Basin Flood. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 75, No. 5, 811-822.

Angel, J. R., W. E. Easterling, and S. W. Kirsch, 1993. Towards Defining Important Averaging Periods for Climate Normals, Climatological Bulletin, 27, No. 2, 28-44.

Huff, F.A. and J.R. Angel, 1992. Rainfall Frequency Atlas of the Midwest, Midwestern Climate Center and Illinois State Water Survey, Bulletin 71, Champaign IL, 141 p.

Kunkel, K. E., S. A. Changnon, C. G. Lonnquist, and J. R. Angel, 1990. A Real-Time Climate Information System for the Midwestern United States. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 71, No. 11, 1601-1609.

Huff, F. A. and J. R. Angel, 1989. Frequency Distribution Of Heavy Rainstorms in Illinois. Circular 172, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign IL, 36 p.

Kunkel, K. E. and J. R. Angel, 1989. Perspective on the 1988 Midwestern Drought, EOS, September 5 edition.

Huff, F. A. and J. R. Angel, 1989. Frequency Distribution and Hydroclimatic Characteristics of Heavy Rainstorms in Illinois, Bulletin 70, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign IL, 177 p.