Not Your Typical Long, Hot Summer
| Jim Angel - (217) 333-0729, Fax: (217) 244-0220, firstname.lastname@example.org
Eva Kingston - (217) 244-7270, Fax: (217) 333-6540, email@example.com
“If you think that the weather in Illinois this summer has been cool and wet, you’re right. These conditions are not unique to Illinois, however. Temperatures this summer in most of the eastern two-thirds of the United States also have been cooler than normal as frequent intrusions of Canadian air have dominated the region. By contrast, warmer than normal temperatures have affected the northwestern United States. While the magnitude of the cool temperatures this year has been extraordinary, the pattern is not unique to 2004. Following a period of frequently very hot summers in the 1930s and early 1950s, the period since the late 1950s has seen relatively cool summers on average in Illinois with no trend over that period. At the same time, summers in the western United States have become progressively hotter. This regional difference in trends is probably caused in large part by a change in the overall atmospheric circulation patterns. The ultimate causes of these shifts are not clear at this time,” says State Climatologist Jim Angel of the Illinois State Water Survey (http://www.sws.uiuc.edu), a division of the Illinois Department of Natural Resources.
“Temperatures in Illinois this summer are averaging 3.1 degrees below normal statewide, with even colder August temperatures, 4.9 degrees below normal. Both summer and August rank as the 5th coldest since 1895. In recent years, only 1992 was ranked colder, 3rd coldest summer and August since 1895. The 1915 record still stands for the coldest summer (3.9 degrees below normal) and coldest August (5.8 degrees below normal),” says Angel.
Temperatures this August are averaging 68.7 degrees, with precipitation averaging 5.45 inches, 149 percent of normal. Temperature extremes this month have ranged from 40 degrees at Congerville on August 15 to 97 degrees at Kaskaskia on August 19. Grayville reported the largest one-day precipitation total, 6.87 inches on August 26.
“June–August temperatures are averaging only 70.7 degrees, and precipitation is averaging 12.87 inches, 111 percent of normal,” says Angel.
Although the National Weather Service is calling for an increased chance of cooler-than-normal temperatures for September, the temperature outlook for November–January is neutral, suggesting a return to more seasonable temperatures.
“The type of summer we’re having this year does not necessarily foreshadow an early frost. For example, an analysis of the 10 coldest summers in Champaign-Urbana yields a first fall frost date only 6 days earlier than the 1971–2000 average of October 17. The first frost typically occurs on October 7–14 (northern Illinois) and October 14–21 (central and southern Illinois),” concludes Angel.
Also See: Illinois Frost Dates and Growing Season