This map shows the overall suitability of this crop in the state of Illinois.
Overall Suitability Map
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Triticum aestivum subsp. aestivum
Synonyms: T. sativum; T. vulgare

Common Name(s): Hard red spring wheat
Family: Poaceae
Growth Habit: Annual
Growing Days: 90 to 120 (days)
Abs.Max=81° (F)    Opt.Max=73° (F)
Opt.Min=59° (F)    Abs.Min=41° (F)
Precipitation: 15 to 30 (in.)
Winter Minimum: 16° (F)
Soil pH: 5.5 to 8
Soil Texture/Type: Silt and clay loams
Soil Drainage: Well
Photoperiod Response: Long day and day neutral
Light Intensity: Very bright
Grown in drier areas of upper Midwest. Require moderate summer temperatures. Adapted to northern half of Great Plains in US. Disease in hard winter wheats limits use to 30" rainfall line and west.
Pythium, Phytothora, Rhizoctonia, Helminthosporium/Bipolaris, Cercospora, Anthrachose, Powdery Mildew, Rust
Food - cereal, Animal Food - fodder, Material - fiber, Material - alcohol, Food - starch, Food - bev base, Poison - mammals
Tropical-rainy, dry climate, subtropical, temperate
Geographical Origin:
Widely cultivated
Metric Units

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Last Modified: October 17, 2012
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