This map shows the overall suitability of this crop in the state of Illinois.
Overall Suitability Map
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Sambucus nigra

Common Name(s): Black elder; European elder
Family: Adoxaceae
Growth Habit: Perennial
Growing Days: 100
Abs.Max=86° (F)    Opt.Max=72° (F)
Opt.Min=54° (F)    Abs.Min=41° (F)
Precipitation: 20 to 47 (in.)
Winter Minimum: -33° (F)
Soil pH: 5 to 7
Soil Texture/Type: Medium, organic
Soil Drainage: Well
Photoperiod Response:
Light Intensity: Bright to cloudy
Diaphoretic. Naturalized in N Africa and Asia.
Rhizoctonia, Cercospora, Powdery Mildew, Rust
Poison - mammals, Medicinal - folklore
Tree or shrub
Subtropical-dry summe, subtropical-dry winter, tropical-wet and dry, temperate-continental, temperate marine
Geographical Origin:
Macaronesia, Northern Africa, Caucasus, Western Asia, Europe, Naturalized elsewhere
Metric Units

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Last Modified: October 17, 2012
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