This map shows the overall suitability of this crop in the state of Illinois.
Overall Suitability Map
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Panax quinquifolium

Common Name(s): American ginseng
Family: Araliaceae
Growth Habit: Perennial
Growing Days: 100 to 330 (days)
Abs.Max=86° (F)    Opt.Max=79° (F)
Opt.Min=54° (F)    Abs.Min=41° (F)
Precipitation: 35 to 50 (in.)
Winter Minimum: -35° (F)
Soil pH: 5 to 6.5
Soil Texture/Type: Medium, organic
Soil Drainage: Well
Photoperiod Response: Long day
Light Intensity: Cloudy-lt shade
Energy tonic. Grown in hardwood forests. Best in rich, moist, well drained forest soils. Requires 75-90% shade. Found north through southeastern Canada into areas with annual temperature of 10 degrees Celsius.
Pythium, Phytothora, Sclerotinia, Anthrachose, Rhizoctonia
CITES - regulated/endagered, Material - gum/resin, Material - lipids, Medicinal - folklore, Additive - flavoring
Subtropical-humid, temperate-continental
Geographical Origin:
North America
Metric Units

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Last Modified: October 17, 2012
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